Primeiras notas sobre uma orientação epistemológica ao Direito a partir da relação entre sensibilidade e entendimento

Autor:Jaci Rene Costa Garcia - Vicente De Paulo Barretto
Cargo:Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil - Centro Universitário Franciscano (UNIFRA), Santa Maria, RS, Brasil
Páginas:11-28
RESUMO

The article has the Kantian aesthetics as subject and proposes a study of reflecting judgment and its relation to critical hermeneutic ethics, having as main objective to investigate the critical hermeneutic ethics and its possibility to offer epistemological basis for the Law in contemporaneity. It was identified that it is possible to extend the reflecting judgment to the aesthetical field,... (ver resumo completo)

 
TRECHO GRÁTIS
The First Notes About an Epistemological
Orientation to the Law From the Relation Between
Sensitivity and Understanding
Primeiras Notas sobre uma Orientação Epistemológica ao Direito a partir da
Relação entre Sensibilidade e Entendimento
Vicente de Paulo Barretto
Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS) – Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Jaci Rene Costa Garcia
Centro Universitário Franciscano (UNIFRA) – Santa Maria, RS, Brasil
Abstract: The article has the Kantian aesthetics
as subject and proposes a study of reflecting
judgment and its relation to critical hermeneutic
ethics, having as main objective to investigate
the critical hermeneutic ethics and its
possibility to offer epistemological basis for the
Law in contemporaneity. It was identified that it
is possible to extend the reflecting judgment to
the aesthetical field, even though the reflecting
judgment is neither constitutive nor normative,
once it contains a guiding function connected
to the conformity principle to ends that serve as
orientation for the cases evidenced in law area.
Keywords: Philosophy. Ethics. Law.
Hermeneutics. Kant.
Resumo: O artigo tem como tema a estética
kantiana e propõe um estudo do juízo reflexio-
nante e de sua relação com a ética hermenêuti-
ca crítica, tendo como objetivo geral investigar a
ética hermenêutica crítica e as possibilidades desta
oferecer bases epistemológicas para o direito na
contemporaneidade. Identificou-se que esten-
der o juízo reflexionante para o campo da ética é
possível, pois ainda que o juízo reflexionante não
seja constitutivo e nem normativo, possui função
orientadora ligada ao princípio da conformidade e
a fins que podem servir de orientação para os ca-
sos que se apresentam em Direito.
Palavras-chave: Filosofia. Ética. Direito. Her-
menêutica. Kant.
Recebido em: 1º/03/2017
Revisado em: 27/11/2017
Aprovado em: 12/12/2017
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2017v38n77p11
12 Seqüência (Florianópolis), n. 77, p. 11-28, nov. 2017
The First Notes About an Epistemological Orientation to the Law From the Relation Between Sensitivity and Understanding
1 Introduction
In what concerns to rationalist philosophy, this article mobilizes the
reflecting judgment as a condition for a hermeneutics that lay its roots on
the critique of judgment, allowing articulations that are organized from a
research-orienting question: at what measure can a hermeneutical ethics
offer an epistemological guidance for Law in contemporaneity?
The present study is delimitated as follows: [i] in one, from a
philosophical approach unified by the Kantian critical system able
to identify the preconditions for an epistemology that enables the
achievement of judgments and [ii] in two, in the interception of
understanding and practical reason from the postulates of aesthetic
judgment, in particular, the reflecting judgment and [iii] in three, in the
investigation about the possibilities of a critical ethics hermeneutic serve
as epistemological guidance for the Law.
In summary, the given discussion involves determinant judgment
and reflecting judgment, being the first as the difference allowing the
delimitation of the second, and yet, by the reason of dissimilarities, both
serve as auxiliary lines to clarify the problem in all its extension and
complexity.
In this context, the pursuit is to find a critical hermeneutic ethics that
permits to undo the apparent antinomy between knowledge production,
deduced from pure postulates, and the comprehension ever immersed in
historicity and traversed by sensibility: these two moments, apparently
opposite, can be overcome by the entireness and the unity of Kant’s work,
allowing new perspectives for the comprehension of complex problems
faced in the twenty-first century (ever since perpetrated by the human
being in their worldly condition).
In this line, the reflecting judgment analysis and the route to the
construction of a hermeneutical ethics must allow the identification of a
new posture as per the problems faced by Law, from the epistemological
orientation that will possibly be revealed by the survey.

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