PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Processo penal. Consenso. Rito abreviado. Confissão.
Compatibilidade constitucional; Vantagens; Desvantagens e perigos.
ABSTRACT: This paper addresses the factor of consensuality in the scope of the criminal
process, focusing on the abbreviated proceeding starting with the confession of the accused,
foreseen in the Bill of the new Brazilian Code of Criminal Procedure. The constitutional
(in)compatibility of this mechanism of abbreviated consensual resolution is analyzed: can
such a tool be adopted without violating the constitutional guarantees of the accused? What
is the limit for the use of negotiated solutions of this kind? What are the advantages,
disadvantages and dangers of adopting an abbreviated proceeding based on the admission of
guilt? These questions properly portray the controversies surrounding the subject. It is
argued that the instrument in question can be harmonized with the constitutional safeguards
of the accused in view of the advantages that it can bring to the State, to the society, to the
victims and to the defendants themselves, while drawing attention to its disadvantages and
dangers, which demand adequate legal regulation, the fixating of limits to the Prosecution’s
participation, a more effective performance of the technical defense, and an actual control
of guarantees by the judge. The study conducted is of an exploratory-comprehensive, legal-
dogmatic nature, giving priority for content analysis.
KEY WORDS: Criminal Procedure. Consensus. Abbreviated Proceeding. Confession.
Constitutional compatibility; Advantages; Disadvantages and dangers.
SUMÁRIO: Introdução; 1. O consenso no processo penal. 2. O rito abreviado fundado na
admissão de culpa; 3. A análise da (in)compatibilidade constitucional, das vantagens, das
desvantagens e dos perigos do rito abreviado calcado na confissão; Considerações finais;
O consenso na esfera criminal, pautado na simplificação procedimental, na
autonomia do indivíduo e no acordo de vontades, rompeu com o modelo clássico de