O Pluralismo Constitucional Transnacional de Gunther Teubner: suas promessas e limites

Autor:Pablo Holmes
Cargo:Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brasil
Páginas:61-91
RESUMO

In today’s world society, constitutional theories converge in assigning an emerging role to legal forms of regulation not bound by national political systems and authorities. Several approaches try to grasp the diversity and multiplicity of layers, levels and stake-holders which constitute the post-national constellation of regulatory structures. One of the most prominent of these approaches is... (ver resumo completo)

 
TRECHO GRÁTIS
Recebido em: 20/10/2018
Revisado em: 09/07/2019
Aprovado em: 04/09/2019
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2019v41n82p61
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Transnational Constitutional Pluralism, its
Promises and Pitfalls
O Pluralismo Constitucional Transnacional de Gunther Teubner: suas
promessas e limites
Pablo Holmes1
1Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brasil
Abstract: In today’s world society, constitutional
theories converge in assigning an emerging
role to legal forms of regulation not bound
by national political systems and authorities.
Several approaches try to grasp the diversity and
multiplicity of layers, levels and stake-holders
which constitute the post-national constellation of
regulatory structures. One of the most prominent
of these approaches is the idea of a transnational
constitutional pluralism. This piece presents
the framework of a plurality of transnational
constitutional structures as conceived by authors
like Gunther Teubner, to critically address the
possibility of a global constitutionalization of law
based on post-democratic structures in different
domains of social regulation. In the end, the piece
argues that, although pluralist approaches offer a
useful description of current relations between
law and power on the transnational level, there
are functional limits to the constitutional claim
emerging from the pluralist approaches. Such
limits are, most importantly, pluralist approaches’
incapability of offering democratic mechanisms of
legitimization for decision-making processes.
Keywords: Gunther Teubner. Constitutional
Pluralism. Globalization. Transnational Legal Orders.
Resumo: Uma miríade de novas teorias cons-
titucionais converge em atribuir um papel
emergente para as formas de regulação so-
cial não submetidas aos sistemas políticos e
autoridades dos Estados nacionais. Diversas
abordagens tentam entender a diversidade e
a multiplicidade de camadas, níveis e atores
que constituem a constelação pós-nacional
das estruturas regulatórias. Uma das propos-
tas teóricas mais proeminentes é a ideia de um
constitucionalismo pluralista transnacional
de Gunther Teubner. Este artigo apresenta a
proposta de Teubner e propõe uma crítica do
conceito de constitucionalização para além
do Estado. Ao final, o artigo argumenta que,
embora a abordagem pluralista de Teubner
ofereça uma descrição interessante sobre as
relações entre poder e direito no nível transna-
cional, há limites funcionais à sua pretensão de
que essas constituições sejam equivalentes e
funcionais das constituições políticas.
Palavras-chave: Gunther Teubner. Constitu-
tional Pluralism. Globalization. Transnational
Legal Orders.
62 Seqüência (Florianópolis), n. 82, p. 61-91, ago. 2019
Transnational Constitutional Pluralism, its Promises and Pitfalls
1 Introduction: transnational constitutional questions
There is an evident paradigmatic shift in contemporary
constitutional theory. The proliferation of transnational – and global1
legal regimes beyond the territorial boundaries of national constitutional
frames has already shaped a new legal and political theoretical vocabulary
that acknowledges the evolving dynamics of normative orders beyond the
state (KENNEDY, 2009; KJAER, 2014; NEVES, 2013; PREUSS, 2010;
SAND, 2013; SHAFFER, 2016; TEUBNER, 2012; WALKER, 2008).
These normative structures can barely be described with the semantics of
national constitutionalism, and even less by the tradition of classic public
international law (SOMEK, 2012; WALKER, 2013).
In this context, different authors, in the legal field and beyond,
have been trying to make use of constitutional language to describe new
forms of ruling (BLACK, 1996; FISCHER-LESCANO, 2007; HOLMES,
2013; KJAER, 2014; MÖLLER, 2015; NEVES, 2013; PRIEN, 2010;
RENNER, 2011; TRACHTMAN, 2006; WAI, 2005; WALKER, 2002).
Some of these theories claim that evolving regimes of global and
transnational governance may develop social structures that resemble the
constitutional structures of modern democratic arrangements based on
public law (RENNER, 2011; TEUBNER, 2004; WILLKE, 2003). Thus,
as quasi-functional equivalents of democratic constitutional structures,
they foster an increasing responsiveness of the ruling structures of global
governance towards the demands of affected subjects (TEUBNER, 2009,
p. 21; TEUBNER, 2012, p. 119-23). Problems of social inclusion and
rights violations could thus become the focus inside regimes triggering
active “constitutional processes” of institutional creativity and social
improvement of governance mechanisms.
In this piece, I will address the challenge of theoretically
conceiving the changing landscape of global constitutional theory
following the theoretical thread of transnational constitutional pluralism
as it has been proposed by different authors, but mainly as formulated
1 Realizado com apoio do Centre for Global Cooperation Research (Käte Hamburg
Kolleg), Duisburg, Alemanha.

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