Ecology of russian political discourse: problem statement

Autor:Natalia A. Bozhenkova - Pavel A. Katyshev - Svetlana V. Ionova - Levon N. Saakyan - Elmira M. Afanaseva
Cargo:Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education 'Pushkin State Russian Language Institute' - Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education 'Pushkin State Russian Language Institute' - Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education 'Pushkin State Russian Language Institute' - Federal State ...
Páginas:500-539
RESUMO

The article offers a comparative description of typological mechanisms for political communicative practice and methods of verbal explication of its axiological and symbolic constituents, determining mental universals of individual/collective consciousness. The research position is based on the system multilevel analysis of the component structure of discourse in order to identify and characterize the linguistic and sociocultural dominants of political interaction, ... (ver resumo completo)

 
TRECHO GRÁTIS
Periódico do Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas sobre Gênero e Direito
Centro de Ciências Jurídicas - Universidade Federal da Paraíba
V. 9 - Nº 04 - Ano 2020
ISSN | 2179-7137 | http://periodicos.ufpb.br/ojs2/index.php/ged/index
500
ECOLOGY OF RUSSIAN POLITICAL DISCOURSE: PROBLEM
STATEMENT
1
Natalia A. Bozhenkova
2
Pavel A. Katyshev
3
Svetlana V. Ionova
4
Levon N. Saakyan
5
Elmira M. Afanaseva
6
Abstract: The article offers a
comparative description of typological
mechanisms for political communicative
practice and methods of verbal
explication of its axiological and
symbolic constituents, determining
mental universals of
individual/collective consciousness. The
research position is based on the system
multilevel analysis of the component
structure of discourse in order to identify
and characterize the linguistic and
sociocultural dominants of political
interaction, organized by a certain
language system, taking into account the
semiotic and literary-genre specifics of
1
The reported study was funded by RFBR according to the research project No. 18-12-00574
“Linguocultural dominants of legitimate/illegitimate political discursive practices in the space of
Russian-language communication: typological research”.
2
Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "Pushkin State Russian
Language Institute"
3
Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "Pushkin State Russian
Language Institute"
4
Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "Pushkin State Russian
Language Institute"
5
Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "Pushkin State Russian
Language Institute"
6
Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "Pushkin State Russian
Language Institute"
legitimate and illegitimate
communicative acts. The
methodological concept aimed at
modeling institutional interactions in the
context of ecological
compatibility/toxicity of the
transmission of ethno-sociocultural
components of the universe allowed the
authors to characterize the ways and
mechanisms of representation and
transformation of the sign structures of
political communication, which
determine the algorithms of verbal and
discursive behavior. The combination of
methods of discourse analysis, linguistic
and cognitive projection, linguistic and
Periódico do Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas sobre Gênero e Direito
Centro de Ciências Jurídicas - Universidade Federal da Paraíba
V. 9 - Nº 04 - Ano 2020
ISSN | 2179-7137 | http://periodicos.ufpb.br/ojs2/index.php/ged/index
501
cultural interpretations and functional-
pragmatic consideration of text units
made it possible to identify and qualify
the linguistic and semiotic elements of
legitimate/illegitimate political practices
and to carry out the ecolinguistic
typology of the basic linguistic
components of political communication.
The results of the study indicate a special
communicative register of Russian
political discourse, the markers of which
are the processes of
diffusion/recontextualization of
language and persuasive techniques,
semiotic consolidation of institutional
reversion, various verbal indicators of
social asymmetry (from
metaphorization, euphemization,
nominalization to the tactics of
disintegration and manipulation), which
not only actualizes the linguistic and
cultural resources of ideologically
marked discursive practices, but also
significantly expands the area of possible
communication risks. The modern
political logosphere, as a part of the
ecosystem, synergetically included in all
spheres of human communication, forms
new contextual concepts, stereotypes of
assessments, norms (often limiting) of
verbal behavior of all subjects included
in it and communicative traditions of the
universum as a whole.
Keywords: political discourse,
ecolinguistics, legitimate and
illegitimate political practices, social and
linguocultural dominants,
communicative risks.
1. Introduction
In modern geopolitical
conditions, migration and integrative
processes and the related problem of bi-
/multiculturalism and bi-/polylinguism
are becoming increasingly important,
because a language, being social and
national by its nature, is marked by the
peculiarities of world outlook, ethical
and moral values, as well as the norms of
verbal behavior characteristic of this
universum. It is no coincidence that the
multi-aspect and determinant nature of
the factors, forming the phenomenon of
language (from ethnohistorical to
psychosocial) are the subject of
interpretation for philosophers, political
scientists, cultural scientists,
philologists, etc., and the issues of
functioning of the socio-communicative
system, its structural and semiotic
organization, the identification of the
principles of education and existence of
Periódico do Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas sobre Gênero e Direito
Centro de Ciências Jurídicas - Universidade Federal da Paraíba
V. 9 - Nº 04 - Ano 2020
ISSN | 2179-7137 | http://periodicos.ufpb.br/ojs2/index.php/ged/index
502
the most important social realities are of
particular importance.
A significant impact on the
nature of the functioning of natural (in a
broad sense) language in the modern
linguocultural situation has a change in
the information dissemination channels,
especially the development of computer
technology and the transformation of the
Internet into an everyday tool of
communication. Global and local
information and communication spaces
are characterized by the complexity of
relationships in the social field, the
expansion of the semantic sphere, the
increase in connotative elements, etc., as
a result, there is a clear modification of
the norm-setting factor: the use of
literary language is gradually narrowing
due to its merging with colloquial speech
and sociolects; in electronic
communication there is the English
language enhancement as well as at an
intellectual (professional terminology),
and at a domestic level (the use of
Internet slang, etc.), thereby there is a
displacement of literary norms by the
norm of “information language”, in
which the form is of secondary
7
Ecology is a science that studies the relationship
between organisms and external factors
(physical, chemical, biological, etc.); they are
importance and orthoepic, lexical,
grammatical and stylistic errors are not
taken into account. Such phenomena
(numerous violations of the language
system in oral or written speech) not only
lead to an increase in public verbal
activity of individuals with a different
(often insufficient!) level of language
competence, to the significant changes in
the norms of communicative behavior
and the rules of speech aesthetics, but
also create a new reality that requires the
competent evaluation and interpretation.
In this regard, the emergence of a
new, formed at the intersection of
environmental and linguistic issues of
research ecolinguistics, the subject of
which is determined by the ratio of the
categories “object” and “environment” is
quite obvious. These concepts justify the
principle of research in the ecological
paradigm
7
and determine the systemic
relationships between the analyzed
phenomena: the environment is a
complex of interrelated abiotic and biotic
factors that are outside the “organism”
and determine its life activity; the object
is an organism that exists in a given
environment and interacts with it. The
influenced by the latter or collectively affect
these organisms [1].

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