• Revista Gênero & Direito

Universidade Federal da Paraíba
Data de publicação:


Publicação semestral do NEPGD. Reúne trabalhos de pesquisadores que investigam diferentes temáticas nas áreas da teoria feministas do direito, dos direitos das mulheres e das questões de gênero. Os trabalhos são submetidos ao crivo dos membros do Conselho Editorial e dos pareceristas escolhidos entre especialistas no tema.

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    Nowadays, as the significance of the Arctic is increasing, the international community faces new challenges. At the present time, Arctic states (Russia, USA, Canada, Denmark and Norway) continue to prepare to the beginning of the large-scale oil and gas resource development of the Arctic offshore. However, discovering and exploitation of the hydrocarbon deposits endanger the fragile ecosystem of the region. In this type of economic activity, oil spills present the greatest hazard to the environment. The article considers activity of the Arctic Council in this area, as well as the international and national legal regulatory mechanisms to ensure environmental security in the Arctic.

  • The principles of international scientific and scientific and technical cooperation in the sco, cis and asean: comparative analysis of supranational legal regulation

    The current development of international scientific and technical cooperation is constrained by a whole range of economic and political factors. In such circumstances, regional ties between states are formed and strengthened, which, among other things, seek to consolidate efforts to develop international scientific and scientific and technical cooperation as one of the main factors in the sustainable development of the state and the foundation for the formation of a new and innovative type of economy. At the same time, the legal aspects of this sphere of cooperation tend to receive little attention. However, differences in national legal systems necessitate the development of uniform and understandable principles of legal regulation of international scientific and technical cooperation. In the study, using the method of comparative analysis, more than 20 international legal acts on the legal regulation of international scientific and scientific and technical cooperation, including documents of three major regional associations of states (The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations), in terms of approaches to the consolidation of principles of legal regulation of scientific and scientific and technical cooperation at the supranational level, have been studied. As a result, the authors propose a system of principles of legal regulation of international scientific and scientific and technical cooperation, consisting of three key components: general principles of international law (lex generalis), branch principles of international scientific and scientific and technical cooperation (lex specialis), and intra-branch principles of international scientific and scientific and technical cooperation (lex internus). The allocation of these principles will improve the quality of legal regulation of scientific and scientific and technical cooperation at the supranational level and contribute to its further development.

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    In the terms of sanctions and the need to strengthen the import substitution policy, the issues of effective investment attraction in the agrarian-oriented republics of the North Caucasus are especially relevant. Due to the underinvestment of the agro-industrial complex in these depressed republics, diversified enterprises of the agro-industrial complex sectors generated a large amount of physically and morally worn-out equipment, economic entities of the industry are not able to function efficiently and develop properly, which ultimately does not allow them to produce competitive products ... Undoubtedly, we need new practical recommendations and directions to improve the management of investment attractiveness to mobilize various sources of investment. There are many methods for assessing the rating attractiveness of enterprises. But all of them have a common drawback - rating evaluations are usually given simultaneously for the entire data set, which, in general, significantly complicates and even excludes the possibility of an objective assessment of the investment attractiveness for an economic entity not previously included in the list of enterprises under study [3,5,7]. Another significant drawback is the lack of validity for the selected indicators of the final rating. The abovementioned and other things allow us to talk about the need to develop a methodology that is not only free from such shortcomings, but also allows us to give a reasonable assessment of enterprise investment attractiveness. This approach requires the formation of the basic econometric models of investment attractiveness for diversified agricultural enterprises. And in our opinion, this is the most promising way to solve a given problem. It should be remembered that the need to take into account the peculiarities of investment attractiveness creation for diversified enterprises of one or related sectors of the agro-industrial complex makes us focus on the basic models.

  • Social media as a new form of media

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  • Problems of using foreign experience in the counteraction of crime in the juvenile field
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    Entrepreneurship is a special kind of economic activity, which is based on independent initiative, responsibility and innovative entrepreneurial idea. The relevance of the study is conditioned by the fact that, despite the fact that the level of scientific, technical and production potential of any state is determined by big business, the basis of life of the country are small businesses as the most wide-scale, dynamic and flexible form of business life. It is determined by the great socio-economic importance of this sector, which unites the present-day interests of the bulk of the population involved in labor activity. National policy in the field of small business development is characterized by a comprehensive approach to creating favorable conditions for its functioning. The approach includes the following regulatory methods: improving the regulatory framework, forming branched and multi-level infrastructure for support of small business entities, ensuring availability of credit and financial mechanisms, and supporting foreign economic and innovative activity of small business entities. The formation of a well-developed business environment helps small businesses to become competitive at the market by fulfilling their economic potential, which contributes to successful development of the national economy as a whole. The development of small business is one of the priorities in the policy of the Russian Federation. In this regard, the paper is focused on studying the situation of small business development in Russia and identifying the main reasons hindering its development. The leading method for the study of the problem is the method of collecting empirical data and processing the research results, allowing a comprehensive review of methods and mechanisms for regulating the development of small business in Russia, comparing that with the experience of developed foreign countries. The paper presents the data on the level of small business development in the world’s major economies, describes forms and methods of regulation of small business development in Russia and abroad, and identifies the main factors hindering the growth of entrepreneurial activity in the area of small business. On the basis of the conducted research the key directions of improving the system of state regulation of small business development in Russia are substantiated.

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    Tale onomastic has a longer life than other specimens of folklore. Sometimes we come across a name in a tale, in one language in another folklore specimen, or in the folklore specimens belonging to different peoples. Naturally this is the case, which we observe in the tales of relative peoples. In the formulation of the names of characters, the character of narrator of the tale, the ethnic peculiarities of the people to whom the tale belongs, is of great importance, and all this, though does not influence on the general objective law of formulation of the tale, it may have its impact on the contents of it. One of the specific features of folklore tales of the Turkic peoples lies in the fact that they are not separately-taken work of art, but they are the constituent parts, composing one complex of folk-lore. Just within the borders of this complex the names are in action and easily transform from one piece of art, to another one. Consequently, we happen to see the unique lexical panorama of folk-lore specimens in the Turkic languages. We witness this case in the tales on “Kaloghlan”, composing a greater complex. In the article, the position of anthroponymies entering the Turkic tales and proverbs "A Bald man" and "Kaloghlan", the stylistic possibilities, taking place within the text are explained.

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    This study identifies the violations committed by authorized officials in the exercise of their powers, as well as their causes and consequences for criminal process. The law enforcement practice of the preliminary investigation and its legal basis was carried out. Violation of the law during the preliminary investigation reduces its efficiency and diminishes the authority of state power in specific public relations. The study describes typical law violations in the investigator's actions in criminal procedure and concludes the priority of ensuring personal legal status in criminal procedure. The determinants of violations in the course of criminal procedure are determined on the basis of the analyzed criminal cases. It is concluded that the demands on the investigator's actions should be raised with the simultaneous increase of their personal responsibility for compliance with the relevant procedural framework of criminal process.

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