Revista Gênero & Direito
- Universidade Federal da Paraíba
- Data de publicação:
Número de revista
- Núm. 6-2019, December 2019
- Núm. 7-2019, December 2019
- Núm. 5-2019, November 2019
- Núm. 4-2019, October 2019
- Núm. 3-2019, August 2019
- Núm. 2-2019, July 2019
- Núm. 1-2019, January 2019
- Núm. 4-2018, December 2018
- Núm. 3-2018, November 2018
- Núm. 2-2018, September 2018
- Núm. 1-2018, January 2018
- Núm. 3-2017, December 2017
- Núm. 2-2017, September 2017
- Núm. 1-2017, January 2017
- Núm. 3-2016, December 2016
- Núm. 2-2016, September 2016
- Núm. 1-2016, January 2016
- Núm. 3-2015, December 2015
- Núm. 2-2015, September 2015
- Núm. 1-2015, January 2015
Documentos mais recentes
- Cross-country analysis of the effectiveness of health systems
Assessing the effectiveness of health systems is a relevant issue due to the recognition of health as the main human value, as well as the evidence of the impact of public health indicators on the socio-economic development of a state or region. Annually, analysts compile inter-country health ratings. The Most Efficient Health Care (Bloomberg financial and economic information agency), the countries ranking according to the level of medicine by the Health Care Index for Country (Numbeo) and the Euro Health Consumer Index (Health Consumer Powerhouse) are among the most respected countries in the world. Bloomberg Agency also compiles a rating of the healthiest countries (Global Health Index): in our opinion, this rating is the result of all ratings of health system performance, because the main goal of any country in the field of health is to maintain public health. According to The Most Efficient Health Care rating in 2018, Hong Kong, Singapore, Spain, Italy, and South Korea were in the top 5. Russia ranked 53rd of 56 in this ranking. Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan are the leaders in the latest published Health Care Index for Country ranking. Russia is on the 60th place out of 84. The leaders in 2019 according to the ranking of the healthiest countries (Global Health Index) are Spain, Italy, Iceland, Japan; Russia ranks 95th (of 169 countries). According to the Euro Health Consumer Index (EHCI), the leaders of 2018 are Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway, Denmark (the rating does not include Russia). The methodology of each of the health system performance ratings is different, however, each rating is a guideline and subject of analysis for countries in order to adjust the implementation of state health policy. For this reason, the study and analysis of rating calculation methods and the assessment of the dynamics of countries' positions in them is an urgent task of modern scientific research, which as a result should contribute to improving the efficiency of the health system in individual countries. Keywords: healthcare, healthcare system efficiency, intercountry ratings, Bloomberg, Numbeo, life expectancy.
- Features of the relationship of judges and chairman of courts in the Russian Federation
The issue of ensuring the real independence of the court is a multidimensional one, and perhaps this is really an area, in which it is impossible to solve all problems at once, by adopting one single (albeit very thoughtful) law. This is an area in which translational movement is a necessary component of success. In any case, it is difficult to argue with the fact that the quality of the judicial system at the moment and its gradual development in the future is an important milestone in the development of the state and society .The purpose of this work is as follows: consideration of the current legislative provisions governing the legal status of the presiding judge, identification of interaction areas between ordinary judges and presiding judges, analysis of proposed changes to the legislation governing the activities of court leaders and assessment of the possible consequences of the adoption of these provisions of the law. Based on the review results, it is concluded that the most optimal way to ensure the independence of the judiciary in the Russian Federation is the real irremovability of judges when they are appointed without limiting the term of office, provided that a high-quality, effective and transparent system for evaluating their work is developed, with a clear establishment of the level and procedure for bringing to justice, up to the possibility of deprivation of the corresponding position or status. Keywords: judicial system of the Russian Federation, independence of the court, presiding judge, judge, irremovability.
- Digitalization of labor law: trends and implications
The article discusses some aspects of the digitalization impact on labor relations. It is concluded that the digital economy could not but affect the labor legislation, since it is economic relations and the nature of labor organization that largely determine the content and specific nature of labor legislation. It is noted that many scientific materials on this issue affect only certain aspects of the digitalization of labor relations. This is largely due to the fact that the digital economy development process in Russia began somewhat later, and therefore the first works appeared only at the beginning of XX century. However, there is already a reason to conduct a comprehensive study of the problem at the moment. The authors offer to start by highlighting some trends in the development of labor law that are caused by the digital economy. It seems that further work shall be carried out with the definition of trends to identify the risks of digital changes and develop the most optimal proposals for legislation. Based on the trend consideration results, their positive or negative impact on labor relations is noted. It is noted that digitalization opens up new opportunities for the organization of labor and employment, but it carries a huge number of threats to the stability of labor relations at the same time. Keywords: digital economy, labor law, digital unions, atypical labor relations
- Government conflict management: Russian and international experience
Conflict management in public authorities is a system of management measures for the diagnosis, prevention, overcoming and neutralization of crisis situations and manifestations, as well as their causes in various government structures. Such an activity involves prediction of the degree of danger of crisis manifestations in public authorities, study of its symptoms, as well as measures to reduce the negative effects of the crisis and usage of its features for subsequent development. Each management to a certain extent has a place to be anti-crisis or begins to become so in degree of entry of the organization into the period of crisis development. Neglect of such a situation entails rather negative consequences, while its consideration contributes to an effective way out of different crisis situations .The research methodology involves a thorough analysis of crisis management, as well as the conflict essence in government structures. The article attempts to distinguish between the concepts of “crisis” and “conflict”, “management” and “settlement”. The theory of conflict acts as a methodological basis. Crisis management in government bodies has an impact subject represented by crisis factors, that is, all factors of exacerbation of contradictions, causing the risk of its extreme manifestation, the onset of a serious crisis. The paramount importance and priority of crisis management in various state bodies reflects the need for any organization and person to overcome, resolve and setlle crisis situations, to make possible mitigation of its consequences, and to use its potential. Understanding of crisis and conflict as a natural and inevitable phenomenon in the process of development of the organization determines the relevance of constant research, creation, improvement of crisis management mechanisms. Keywords: Crisis management, conflict, crisis, government agencies, conflict management, anti-crisis policy, public administration.
- Digital confidence environment in procedure relationships
The implementation of the legally proclaimed ideas and principles is ensured by the mechanism of intersectoral regulators which, being in constant relationship contribute to the solution of tasks set. But the mechanism established at the level of legal regulators cannot be isolated from the environment in which certain rules of conduct should be guided. This is due to the possible “artificiality” of the rules of behaviour, which can be expressed either in the fact that the rule exists, but there are no really existing social relations that can fall under the regulatory influence in this sector, or statutory regulators no longer meet the needs of social development due to their inability to regulate actually existing relations. All this determines the importance of studying the environment in which the system of statutory regulators will be created to achieve a specific goal and task. The strategy for the development of the information society in the Russian Federation for 2017 - 2030 defines the development of the information society as the goal and objective of the application of information and communication technologies. The construction of the information society, which will exist within the framework of the "electronic state", involves the "digitalization" of all sections of public relations, including such an important area as the administration of justice. Thus, the digital environment should also organically include procedural relationships that make it possible to exist. Keywords: digital environment; e-justice; information society; procedural relations; right to judicial protection.
- Institutionalizing of property relations in the system of network coordination nexus
There is an active development and use of the principles and research tools of the institutional approach in modern economic science. It allows establishing the relationships that exist between the economic, political and social elements of the system, expanding the boundaries of economic life. The institutional environment determines the goals, functions and dynamics of interaction in property relations. Thus, it appears the effectiveness of functioning of its various forms, which will depend on the institutional structure of management as a system of norms and rules that determine the configuration of property rights, together with coercive instruments. The article considers the approach from the theory of constructivism, which describes the structural features of property relations, taking as a basis the system of network coordination of relations. Formation of a network structure and a new, nonhierarchical way of coordinating ties reflects new economic realities associated with the strong interdependence of property subjects. Formation of a knowledge economy, development of globalization, integration of property subjects have led to the accelerated development of innovations, to a new quality of property relations. Innovations are supported by a huge agglomeration of social, innovative, intellectual and financial capital, which forms the emergence of “innovations in innovations” and determines the relevance of studying the system of network coordination of relations. Keywords: property, property relations, institutional structure, network structure, triple helix, property relations, innovation system
- Improving financial literacy of the children and teenagers in the Russian Federation
The issues of improving the financial literacy of the population are currently receiving a lot of attention both at the international and national levels. Of particular relevance are financial literacy issues for the Russian Federation. Due to the peculiarities of the country's historical development, for most citizens of Russia, issues of personal financial planning, the principles of the functioning of financial markets, the possibility of investing savings remain obscure, as a result of this, the population can not fully use modern financial products and services, does not know their rights in the financial market and unable to protect them in accordance with the law. It should be noted that the problem of a low level of financial literacy of citizens is a problem at the national level, since a low level of financial literacy negatively affects the personal well-being of citizens, their financial potential, and accordingly prevents the development of the financial market, inhibiting investment processes in the economy. Under these conditions, increased interest in issues of financial education and financial literacy of citizens of the Russian Federation is logical and, since 2011, the World Bank and the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation have actively implemented a project “Promoting Improving the Level of Financial Literacy of the Population and Development of Financial Education in the Russian Federation”. One of the most important areas of the project is to increase the financial literacy of children and youth. Since the start of the project, a range of training materials has been developed in this area, professional development of school teachers, teachers of orphanages, college teachers is provided, and weeks of financial literacy are held. The result of the events was a significant increase in the level of financial literacy of Russian schoolchildren. In this regard, the experience of the Russian Federation in improving financial literacy of children and youth is of great interest. Keywords: Russian Federation, financial literacy of the population, educational programs in the field of financial literacy of children and youth
- Indicative approach in the evaluation of the implementation of the constitutional right to judicial protection in the state languages of the rf subjects
The implementation of the constitutional right to judicial protection is an important guarantee for participants in legal relations in case of violation of the rights of one of the parties or a threat of violation of the rights of participants in legal relations. Judicial protection is of particular relevance for the participants in legal relations, who do not speak the languages in which the administration of justice is carried out. Within the framework of this article, the authors analyze indicators that are designed to, on the one hand, signal on the current state and existing possibilities of implementing the constitutional right to judicial protection in the state languages of the subject of the Russian Federation (statistical function), and, on the other hand, determine growth drivers that can provide language guarantees for the territory of our state, which is defined as a democratic federal legal state according to Art. 1 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Within the framework of this article, three indicators are highlighted and analyzed: 1) existing legal potential for the implementation of the constitutional right to judicial protection in civil cases in the state languages of the republics within the Russian Federation; 2) analysis of the practical implementation of the opportunities currently available for the implementation of the constitutional right to judicial protection in civil cases in the state languages of the republics within the Russian Federation; 3) determination of growth points in the implementation of the constitutional right to judicial protection in civil cases in the state languages of the republics within the Russian Federation. Key words: federal legal state; official language; state language of the subject of the Russian Federation; judicial defense; administration of justice in the state language of the subject of the Russian Federation.
- International control in fight against doping in sports
This article explores the mechanisms of international control in the field of fight against doping. International legal control is one of the means of ensuring the fulfillment by the states of their obligations and is important in achieving the effectiveness of the implementation of legal norms. The paper analyzes the relevant provisions of two international legal acts that constitute the legal basis in anti- doping activities: The Anti-Doping Convention of the Council of Europe and the International Convention against Doping in Sport. In accordance with the provisions of international legal acts, special monitoring bodies are established to monitor the implementation by the states of their obligations through online questionnaires. The focus is on the activities of these specialized agencies. At the same time, the nature of international legal control is not limited only to checking the behavior of states, but also is expressed in the prevention of violations of the international law. In this regard, it is needed an element that establishes the responsibility of states for failure to fulfill their international obligations. Such a mechanism would be the document Operational Guidelines and System of Consequences for Non-Compliance with the Regulations Adopted as Annex to the International Convention against Doping in Sport. Keywords: doping, sport, international law, international control, World Anti-Doping Agency, Council of Europe, UNESCO.
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